LMP 2343

Applied Intellectual Property
0.25 FCE
Learning Outcomes: At the end of this module students should be able to: (1) Appreciate the ubiquity of IP; (2) Gain a basic understanding of various agreement terms; (3) Refine negotiation skills; and (4) Appreciate the key concepts, terms, and vehicles of commercialization/translation.



This module moves beyond a discussion of basic intellectual property (IP) concepts and provides students with an opportunity to explore the implications of IP development and ownership, both generally and as specifically related to their careers. We will examine the content and key terms of a variety of agreements that impact IP rights including licensing, employment, consulting, and non-disclosure agreements, as well as IP terms of government calls for proposals (i.e. RFPs). Students will also have an opportunity to become conversant in basic ethical issues of IP through an examination of the potential abuses of IP rights, such as anti-competitive behaviour, barriers to IP access, IP non-use, and patent trolling. The module concludes with an overview of business structures, and an introduction to corporate concepts such as shares, share vesting, and financing. Throughout the module, students will have an opportunity to read and discuss recent case law and apply the material through negotiation exercises. Offered: Winter 2021; Thurs 1 – 3pm; Jan 7 – Feb 11

Teaching Team:


Course Instructor

Dr. Gabriella Chan is a lawyer, scientist, educator, and startup mentor.

Gabriella is the founder of Yocto Law® Professional Corporation, a boutique law firm that advises startups and other stakeholders in the life sciences and health technology sectors. Her diverse background and tangible business experience enhance her ability to empathize with her clients’ challenges and tailor her advice to their immediate and long-term legal needs.

Gabriella honed her analytical skills working on toward her doctorate in molecular diagnostics for infectious diseases, particularly malaria and SARS-CoV. Her work was supported by the University of Toronto’s prestigious Connaught Scholarship and a Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) Doctoral Research Award. As a post-doctoral researcher, she participated in the development of nanotechnology-based hand-held diagnostic devices.

While completing her scientific training, Gabriella began working with a University of Toronto biotechnology spinout and liaising with the company’s lawyers. In her role as Intellectual Property and Technology Manager, Gabriella identified a gap – scientists don’t speak legalize and lawyers don’t always appreciate the science behind their clients’ inventions and products. To bridge that gap, Gabriella pursued a law degree from Osgoode Hall Law School with a focus on business and intellectual property and trained at a national Bay Street law firm in Toronto. Before founding her own law firm, she continued to hone her legal skills in her role as Vice President of Legal Affairs at another Toronto-area nanotechnology startup.

Driven by her goal to introduce students to the central role of intellectual property in our knowledge economy  and the arc of translation and commercialization of inventions, Gabriella became one of the first core faculty members in the Translational Research Program (TRP) at the University of Toronto’s Temerty Faculty of Medicine. In that role she developed and teaches modules on topics ranging from intellectual property, licensing, contract negotiation, privacy, procurement, regulatory affairs, and commercialization.

Beyond the classroom Gabriella advises budding entrepreneurs as the lead legal mentor of the Health Innovation Hub (H2i) and as an Entrepreneur In Residence (EIR) in the Faculty of Medine at the University of Toronto and as a mentor at VentureLab and Plug and Play.