BASc, PhD, MHSc, BASc, PhD, MHSc
Senior Research Associate, Course Instructor, Senior Research Associate, Course Instructor
Incontinence has major psychological, physiological, and financial implications for children and their families.
Urinary and fecal incontinence, the involuntary leakage of urine or stool, is a common problem among both adults and children. Although most patients will improve with behavioural therapy and medication, 1% of patients will become refractory, not responding to any treatment. Sadly, these patients are currently condemned to a lifetime of poor self-esteem, shame, isolation, poor school performance, aggressiveness, and other behavioural challenges.